Acidity is a term used for a set of
symptoms caused by excess production of
acid by the gastric glands of the stomach.
The stomach normally secretes
hydrochloric acid which is required for the
breakdown and digestion of food we eat.
Acidity causes symptoms like dyspepsia,
heartburn , gastric inflammation and ulcers
in the stomach.
Acidity is generally a consequence of
several external factors like eating
habits, fad diets , stress , smoking and
alcohol consumption, lack of physical
activity, irregularity in eating pattern. The
incidence of acidity is higher in countries
where individuals eat more of non-
vegetarian, oily and spicy foods. Certain
medications like non steroidal anti-
inflammatory drugs ( NSAID's )also
predisposes individuals to gastric acidity.
People suffering from acidity feel a burning
sensation after eating a meal. Sour
belching is also commonly seen.
Sometimes, constipation and indigestion is
also seen in people having acidity. Acidity
can be treated with antacids and mainly by
making changes in eating and lifestyle
habits. A new technique called endostism
can also provide relief from acid reflux.
This section offers some really good home
remedies for acidity which you can try. You
can also read the importance of having an
alkaline diet to reduce the symptoms of
Our stomach produces gastric acids to aid
digestion. But, their corrosive effects are
neutralised by the production of natural
bicarbonate and prostaglandins secreted in
the mucous lining. When the production of
these chemicals is interrupted then it leads
to damaged stomach lining which causes
2. Consumption of spicy and non-
3. Smoking and alcohol
4. Stomach ailments like peptic ulcers ,
gastroesophageal reflux disease ,
stomach tumors, etc.
5. Medications like non-steroidal anti-
Read more about why acidity is rising
The common signs and symptoms that you
might experience are -
1. Burning in the stomach
2. Burning in the throat
6. Sour taste
Here are 10 lifestyle tips to get rid of
acidity and heart burn.
Usually, acidity is treated with the help of
antacids which contain either magnesium
or calcium or aluminium containing
compounds. These antacids neutralise the
excess acid in the stomach thus providing
relief from the symptoms. Read about
food dos and don’ts for acidity .
Sometimes, histamine blocking agents (H2
receptor blockers) such as cimetidine,
ranitidine, famotidine or nizatidine or
proton pump inhibitors such as omeprazole
and lansoprazole can also be prescribed by
your physician. In rare cases, surgery
(vagotomy) is performed to reduce the
acid sensation. Here’s how to relieve
indigestion,gas and irritable bowel
syndrome with yoga.
Here are 10 home remedies for acidity that
actually work -
Saunf or aniseed
Mint leaves or pudina
Here’s how to use these home remedies
Acidity can be prevented by the following
1. Don’t consume spicy food
(Read: Pickle with every meal – good
or bad? )
2. Eat more fruits and vegetables
3. Eat small, regular meals
4. Consume your last meal at least a few
hours before sleeping
5. Chew tulsi leaves, cloves, saunf, etc.
6. Avoid medications like NSAIDs (non-
steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and
7. Reduce stress